CRC for Transformations in Mining Economies (CRC-TiME)

Lower Cost  |  Greater Certainty  |  Build Social Value



Mine closure is an integral part of the mining industry affecting operations, suppliers, communities, ecosystems and governments

NEWS: Government announces $30m to help regional communities find sustainable post-mining future

CRC-TiME will drive transformational change to enable regions and communities to transition to a prosperous and sustainable post mine future.

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CRC-TiME will

Deliver key components of the National Resources Statement

Enable greater certainty post mine to drive investor confidence and social development in one of Australia’s most important industries

Create new technology and process solutions position Australian METS companies in an emerging billion dollar mine closure global business opportunities

The Challenge

Transforming mining economies to enable Australian regions and their communities to build a successful post mine future is a growing challenge.

  • The social and economic landscape for mining is changing in line with community expectations.
  • Mechanisms for collaboratively building a shared vision of post mine options need improvement to secure a better future for investment in Australian jobs and resources, and create a genuine and enduring partnership between regional businesses, communities, governments and mining companies.
  • The broader community's expectations of the mining sector are high. Addressing them will ensure the mining sector continues to contribute strongly to the national economy and Australian society.


Read Professor Anna Littleboy's Blog Mine Closure - do we have what it takes

Global Relevance

Mine closure is an integral phase of an active mining industry but is a global challenge.

The 2018 Ernst & Young annual "Ten Business Risks facing Mining and Metals" report identified social license as mining’s number one risk factor, while the ICMM - a peak body comprising 28 of the largest global mining companies - identified mine closure as a priority area for the first time in 2018. The growth in the global closure market place also presents a significant export opportunity for Australian METS companies

Over the coming decade, a successful CRC-TiME will transform mining economies to deliver: 

  • increased certainty of relinquishment
  • reduced likelihood of abandonment
  • diversified post mine economies
  • new Australian businesses supplying a global market

It will build trust between mining companies, regulators and communities, and improve the business settings for closure and succession. 

CRC-TiME will enable the changes required to fulfil the vision of the Australian Government’s National Resources Statement.

Vision of Success

A successful CRC-TiME will transform mining economies to deliver increased certainty of relinquishment, reduced likelihood of abandonment, diversified post mine economies and new Australian businesses supplying a global market. It will build trust between mining companies, regulators and communities and improve the business settings for closure and succession.

CRC-TiME will support the vision of the Australian Government’s National Resource Statement:

“To have the world’s most advanced, innovative and successful resources sector which delivers sustained prosperity and social development for all Australians”.

Current Partners

Mining Companies

METS Companies



Newmont Gold Corp
Rio Tinto

EcoPlant Australia Pty Ltd,
Geoscience Australia,
Supervising Scientist
State Governments
  • WA,
  • Qld,
  • NT,
WA Biodiversity Science Institute,
NRM: Rangelands & PHCC,
Regional Development: PDC,
SW RDA' Regional Implementation Committee (Pilbara)


  • Queensland,
  • Western Australia,
  • South Australia
  • Adelaide,
  • Curtin,
  • Murdoch,
  • Flinders
  • Federation,
  • Reading (UK)
Australian Genome Research Facility


Supported by leading Industry bodies: ICMM, MCA, CMEWA, AMEC, ACARP, AMIRA and Austmine

Building Scale through investment

These current partners have declared financial support to the proposed CRC over a ten year period (2020 – 2030) as follows)






$16.7 M

$34.2 M

$50.9 M


$13.7 M


$53.2 M

CRC request

$29.5 M


$29.5 M


$59.9 M

$73.7 M

$133.6 M


Linked to major industry and government priorities and initiatives

In a letter of support, Tom Butler, International Council for Mining and Metals (ICMM) CEO states “Over the next decade many mines across the globe face closure making it an increasing priority for the industry, government and communities to understand and address the environmental, social and economic aspects of mine closure”.

In February 2019, the Commonwealth Government published a National Resources statement, identifying the need for:

  • Regional environmental outcomes, and recognition of related export opportunities
  • Stronger, more engaged communities through mining transitions
  • Long term mine rehabilitation and closure research and development

All Australian state governments reliant on mining are reforming processes to deliver better rehabilitation and mine closure outcomes, recognising mine relinquishment and post mine transitions as a ‘whole of government’ issue.


Linked Australian Initiatives

The ARC Industrial Transformation Training Centre for Mine Site Restoration (CMSR)

All centres within the Sustainable Minerals Institute at UQ (and key initiatives such as the social aspects of mine closure research consortium 2019-2021)

The WA Biodiversity Science Institute (bringing industry, government and research partners in WA together to co-develop rehabilitation research priorities)

The Australian Centre for Geomechanics and Mining3 (mining research centres)

The National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training (ARC Centre of Excellence Program at Flinders University)

Research commissioned under the Australian Coal Association Research Program (ACARP) and Australian Mining Industry Research Association (AMIRA)

Coordination with other research investments in the mining value chain including:

  • Waste and risk research in the CRC for Optimising Resource Extraction
  • Waste stream processing research within the Future Batteries CRC
  • Drilling and exploration activity within the MinEX CRC
  • Interoperability frameworks developed by the proposed MI4, if formed

An integrated and multidisciplinary programme

CRC-TiME will provide all the stakeholders involved with the closure, relinquishment and creation of a post-mine regional future with new tools and technologies to make better decisions and lower residual risk into the future.

Social, environmental, economic and technical research will be conducted through three highly integrated programs.

In addition, CRC TiME will address a siloed and fragmented approach to closure research through two cross cutting themes. The CRC will network a series of national demonstration sites to test solutions that are scalable and transferable and will implement shared data and systems integration policies to promote transparency across sites, companies, governments, researchers and the public.

Key Staff and Contacts

Dr Bruce Kelley

CRC-TiME Bid Chair
0418 864 507

Associate Professor Guy Boggs

WA Biodiversity Science Institute
University of Western Australia
0434 976 124

Professor Anna Littleboy

CRC-TiME Research Director
Sustainable Minerals Institute 
The University of Queensland
0419 884 048

Professor Fiona Haslam Mckenzie

CRC-TiME Program Leader:
Regional Economic Development
University of Western Australia

Dr Bryan Maybee

CRC-TiME Program Leader:
Planning and Evaluation
Curtin University of Technology

Associate Professor Glen Corder

CRC-TiME Program Leader:
Operational Solutions
Sustainable Minerals Institute
The University of Queensland

Dr Jason Kirby

Demonstration Sites Cross Cutting Theme